Chengdu
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About Chengdu

Chengdu is the capital of Sichuan province in Southwest China and a major city in Western China. It holds sub-provincial administrative status. The urban area houses approximately 14 million inhabitants, making Chengdu the fourth most populous city in China, and most populous among prefecture-level cities as well. The city is one of the most important economic, commerce, finance, science, technology, transportation, and communication centres in Western China. It is also an important base for manufacturing and agriculture. In 2007, Chengdu was chosen – by the Public Appraisal for Best Chinese Cities for Investment – as one of the top ten cities to invest in out of a total of 280 urban centres in China. In 2006, it was named China’s 4th-most liveable city by China Daily.

Some of China’s most important literature comes from Chengdu; it is home to literary giants, such as Sima Xiangru and Yang Xiong. During the Western Han dynasty, the world’s first local public school – named Shishi – was established. Today, it is home to the greatest number of universities and research institutes in South-western China; 49 colleges and universities. In 2010, over 140,000 students graduated from these colleges and universities!

Climate
Chengdu has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate and is largely mild and humid. It has four distinct seasons, blessed with rainfall and relieved from sweltering summers and freezing winters. The Qin Mountains to the far north help shield the city from cold Siberian wintery winds. Extremes have ranged from -5.9C to 40.0C. 

Interesting facts

  • Chengdu has the world’s largest building – the New Century Global Centre. With 100 m high, 500 m long and 400 m wide, the Centre houses retail outlets, a 14-theater cinema, office, hotels, a waterpark, an artificial beach, skating rink, pirate ship, fake Mediterranean village, 24-hour artificial sun, and 15,000-spot parking area.
  • Chengdu is a breeding centre for giant pandas. It is the only one of its kind in the world that’s located in a metropolitan area.
  • Chengdu is major IT manufacturing hub; 20% of all computers are manufactured in Chengdu and 80% of the world’s iPads come from Chengdu

Top three activities

  • Mount Qingcheng is amongst the most important centres of Taoism in China 
  • Dujiangyan Irrigation System is the oldest existing irrigation project in the world with a history of over 2000 years, diverting water without a dam to distribute water and filter sand with an inflow-quantity control
  • Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries is the largest remaining continuous habitat for giant pandas and home to more than 80% of the world’s wild giant pandas

Facts about Chengdu

Population      14,000,000
Size (km²)2,129
Life expectancy80,1 years
GDP per capita$ 10,534

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